International Journal of Medical Imaging

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Status Report on Radiation Protection in Radiology Departments in the Kindia Region, Guinea

Received: 9 November 2023    Accepted: 24 November 2023    Published: 8 December 2023
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Abstract

Objectives: To take stock of staff, premises and personal protective equipment in radiology departments in the Kindia region. Methodology: Cross-sectional, descriptive study conducted in March 2023, including all radiology departments and cabinets in the Kindia region. We reported on the characteristics of working conditions for the staff directly involved in radiation work (age, sex, qualifications, radiation protection training, duration of working under radiation, number of examinations per year), radiology rooms and equipment (room surface area, door manufacturing materials, building construction materials, illuminated signage at hall entrances, leaded shield), the use of personal radiation protection equipment (leaded apron, cap, thyroid protector, leaded goggles and gloves), the availability of dosimetric monitoring resources and the type of radiology equipment available. Results: 8 radiology departments and practices were surveyed, including 5 public (62.5%) and 3 private (35.5%). 21 medical and paramedical staff working directly under ionizing radiation, including 16 manipulators (76%), 2 physicians acting as radiologists (9.5%), one senior radiology technician (4.8%) and no radiology physicians. The average age of the staff was 32 (28-45), of whom 86% were male. The average number of years working with radiation was 4 years (2-7 years). 57% of staff had received radiation protection training, including 42.9% on the Internet, 9.5% post-graduate training and 4.8% initial training. 50% of the halls had a surface area of 30m2, 25% had a surface area of 24 m2 and 25% had a surface area of 18m2. 62.25% of the doors were made of wood with lead and 62.5% of the walls were solid brick with concrete lining. There were no illuminated signs at the entrance to the halls. All departments had lead aprons, only one had a thyroid protector, and none had a dosimeter. The lead apron was the most commonly used personal protective equipment (86%), followed by leaded gloves (29%) and thyroid protectors (4.8%). 37.5% of departments had a bone-lung x-ray table only, 37.5% a bone-lung x-ray table and a mobile radio, and 25% a mobile radio only. Conclusion: The practice of radiation protection in health facilities in the Kindia region suffers from a number of shortcomings, including non-compliance with construction standards, the virtual absence of qualified radiology staff and a very low level of training in radiation protection. The use of personal protective equipment against X-rays is very limited, consisting mainly of leaded aprons.

DOI 10.11648/j.ijmi.20231103.12
Published in International Journal of Medical Imaging (Volume 11, Issue 3, September 2023)
Page(s) 52-56
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Radioprotection, Kindia, Ionizing, Radiation

References
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[3] Savi K-M. de T, Herbert F, Fabien G, Djivèdé A, Gil-Christ AB, et al. Radioprotection en imagerie médicale dans les hôpitaux du nord Bénin. J Afr Imag Méd 2020; 12 (3): 138-144.
[4] United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (2000) Sources and effects of ionizing radiation. Volume 1: Sources, New York (accessed September 23, 2023).
[5] IAEA 2001. IAEA (2001) Radiological protection for medical exposure to ionizing radiation, Safety Standards series n° rs-g-1.5, IAEA, Vienna.
[6] Songrou manip F, Tapiade E, Ouimon M, Mobima T. Radiation protection knowledge of radiology manipulators in Bangui and Bimbo (Central African Republic). Radioprotection 2019; 54. https://doi.org/10.1051/radiopro/2018046.
[7] MSHP 2021. Ministry of Health and Public Hygiene (MSHP. Annuaire Statistique Sanitaire 2021 (accessed September 20, 2023).
[8] Berete ZC, Kampo B, Sogodogo A, Sidibe BY, Guisse AM. Etude des connaissances, des attitudes, et des pratiques des Chirurgiens-dentistes exerçant au Mali, sur la radioprotection. Revue Africaine des Sciences Sociales et de la Santé Publique. 2022; 4 (2): 67-80.
[9] Kouassi YM, Wogni, SB, Tchicaya AF, Alla D, Bonny JS. Etude de l'observance des règles de radioprotection en milieu hospitalier à Abidjan. Arch des Mal prof l'environement. 2005; 66: 369-74.
[10] Mbo Amvene J, Djonyang B, Mballa A, Ngaroua, Nko o Amvene S. Observance of radiation protection rules in the Imaging Departments of Hospitals in the Far North of Cameroon. Heath Sc Dis. 2017; 18 (2): 83-7.
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[12] Tapsoba T, Ouattara T, Belemlilga HGL, Sanon H, ba, ouni YA, Ouedraogo V et al Application des règles de protection contre les rayons X dans les services de radiologie de Ouagadougou. Med Nucl. 2010; 34: 9-12.
[13] Autorité de sureté nucléaire. Présentation des principales dispositions réglementaires de radioprotection applicables en radiologie médicale et dentaire, France 2014. consulted on. https://www.asn.fr/l-asn-reglemente/guides-de-l-asn/Principales dispositions réglementaires de radioprotection applicables en radiologie médicale et dentaire - 14/10/2022 – ASN.
[14] Jimonet C, Moterier H. Personne compétente en radioprotection. Principes de radioprotection-réglementation. EDP Science. Paris; 2017: 362.
[15] Vaillant L, Scheider T. Evaluation of the detriment associated with low dose and low dose rate exposure in the radiation protection system. Envirron Risque santé 2012; 11: 149-59.
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  • APA Style

    Bah, O. A., Nabe, S., Traore, S., Guenolé, B. O., Douty, K. M., et al. (2023). Status Report on Radiation Protection in Radiology Departments in the Kindia Region, Guinea. International Journal of Medical Imaging, 11(3), 52-56. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijmi.20231103.12

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    ACS Style

    Bah, O. A.; Nabe, S.; Traore, S.; Guenolé, B. O.; Douty, K. M., et al. Status Report on Radiation Protection in Radiology Departments in the Kindia Region, Guinea. Int. J. Med. Imaging 2023, 11(3), 52-56. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmi.20231103.12

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    AMA Style

    Bah OA, Nabe S, Traore S, Guenolé BO, Douty KM, et al. Status Report on Radiation Protection in Radiology Departments in the Kindia Region, Guinea. Int J Med Imaging. 2023;11(3):52-56. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmi.20231103.12

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ijmi.20231103.12,
      author = {Ousmane Aminata Bah and Siré Nabe and Sékou Traore and Bamikole Ola Guenolé and Kaba Mohamed Douty and Aboubacar Toure},
      title = {Status Report on Radiation Protection in Radiology Departments in the Kindia Region, Guinea},
      journal = {International Journal of Medical Imaging},
      volume = {11},
      number = {3},
      pages = {52-56},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ijmi.20231103.12},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijmi.20231103.12},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ijmi.20231103.12},
      abstract = {Objectives: To take stock of staff, premises and personal protective equipment in radiology departments in the Kindia region. Methodology: Cross-sectional, descriptive study conducted in March 2023, including all radiology departments and cabinets in the Kindia region. We reported on the characteristics of working conditions for the staff directly involved in radiation work (age, sex, qualifications, radiation protection training, duration of working under radiation, number of examinations per year), radiology rooms and equipment (room surface area, door manufacturing materials, building construction materials, illuminated signage at hall entrances, leaded shield), the use of personal radiation protection equipment (leaded apron, cap, thyroid protector, leaded goggles and gloves), the availability of dosimetric monitoring resources and the type of radiology equipment available. Results: 8 radiology departments and practices were surveyed, including 5 public (62.5%) and 3 private (35.5%). 21 medical and paramedical staff working directly under ionizing radiation, including 16 manipulators (76%), 2 physicians acting as radiologists (9.5%), one senior radiology technician (4.8%) and no radiology physicians. The average age of the staff was 32 (28-45), of whom 86% were male. The average number of years working with radiation was 4 years (2-7 years). 57% of staff had received radiation protection training, including 42.9% on the Internet, 9.5% post-graduate training and 4.8% initial training. 50% of the halls had a surface area of 30m2, 25% had a surface area of 24 m2 and 25% had a surface area of 18m2. 62.25% of the doors were made of wood with lead and 62.5% of the walls were solid brick with concrete lining. There were no illuminated signs at the entrance to the halls. All departments had lead aprons, only one had a thyroid protector, and none had a dosimeter. The lead apron was the most commonly used personal protective equipment (86%), followed by leaded gloves (29%) and thyroid protectors (4.8%). 37.5% of departments had a bone-lung x-ray table only, 37.5% a bone-lung x-ray table and a mobile radio, and 25% a mobile radio only. Conclusion: The practice of radiation protection in health facilities in the Kindia region suffers from a number of shortcomings, including non-compliance with construction standards, the virtual absence of qualified radiology staff and a very low level of training in radiation protection. The use of personal protective equipment against X-rays is very limited, consisting mainly of leaded aprons.
    },
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Status Report on Radiation Protection in Radiology Departments in the Kindia Region, Guinea
    AU  - Ousmane Aminata Bah
    AU  - Siré Nabe
    AU  - Sékou Traore
    AU  - Bamikole Ola Guenolé
    AU  - Kaba Mohamed Douty
    AU  - Aboubacar Toure
    Y1  - 2023/12/08
    PY  - 2023
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijmi.20231103.12
    DO  - 10.11648/j.ijmi.20231103.12
    T2  - International Journal of Medical Imaging
    JF  - International Journal of Medical Imaging
    JO  - International Journal of Medical Imaging
    SP  - 52
    EP  - 56
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2330-832X
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijmi.20231103.12
    AB  - Objectives: To take stock of staff, premises and personal protective equipment in radiology departments in the Kindia region. Methodology: Cross-sectional, descriptive study conducted in March 2023, including all radiology departments and cabinets in the Kindia region. We reported on the characteristics of working conditions for the staff directly involved in radiation work (age, sex, qualifications, radiation protection training, duration of working under radiation, number of examinations per year), radiology rooms and equipment (room surface area, door manufacturing materials, building construction materials, illuminated signage at hall entrances, leaded shield), the use of personal radiation protection equipment (leaded apron, cap, thyroid protector, leaded goggles and gloves), the availability of dosimetric monitoring resources and the type of radiology equipment available. Results: 8 radiology departments and practices were surveyed, including 5 public (62.5%) and 3 private (35.5%). 21 medical and paramedical staff working directly under ionizing radiation, including 16 manipulators (76%), 2 physicians acting as radiologists (9.5%), one senior radiology technician (4.8%) and no radiology physicians. The average age of the staff was 32 (28-45), of whom 86% were male. The average number of years working with radiation was 4 years (2-7 years). 57% of staff had received radiation protection training, including 42.9% on the Internet, 9.5% post-graduate training and 4.8% initial training. 50% of the halls had a surface area of 30m2, 25% had a surface area of 24 m2 and 25% had a surface area of 18m2. 62.25% of the doors were made of wood with lead and 62.5% of the walls were solid brick with concrete lining. There were no illuminated signs at the entrance to the halls. All departments had lead aprons, only one had a thyroid protector, and none had a dosimeter. The lead apron was the most commonly used personal protective equipment (86%), followed by leaded gloves (29%) and thyroid protectors (4.8%). 37.5% of departments had a bone-lung x-ray table only, 37.5% a bone-lung x-ray table and a mobile radio, and 25% a mobile radio only. Conclusion: The practice of radiation protection in health facilities in the Kindia region suffers from a number of shortcomings, including non-compliance with construction standards, the virtual absence of qualified radiology staff and a very low level of training in radiation protection. The use of personal protective equipment against X-rays is very limited, consisting mainly of leaded aprons.
    
    VL  - 11
    IS  - 3
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Faculty of Health Sciences and Techniques, Gamal Abdel Nasser University of Conakry, Conakry, Guinea; Military Forces Reference Imaging Center (CIRA), Conakry, Guinea

  • Faculty of Health Sciences and Techniques, Gamal Abdel Nasser University of Conakry, Conakry, Guinea

  • Military Forces Reference Imaging Center (CIRA), Conakry, Guinea

  • Military Forces Reference Imaging Center (CIRA), Conakry, Guinea

  • Military Forces Reference Imaging Center (CIRA), Conakry, Guinea

  • Faculty of Health Sciences and Techniques, Gamal Abdel Nasser University of Conakry, Conakry, Guinea

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