Volume 6, Issue 3, September 2018, Page: 18-24
2 Milisievert Low Dose Dedicated Breast CT with Iterative Model Reconstruction Technique in Evaluation of Breast Mass: Feasibility Study in Comparison with MRI
Yong Guo, Department of Radiology, Navy General Hospital, Beijing, China
Jiang Yan, Clinical Science, Philips Healthcare, Shanghai, China
Qingjun Wang, Department of Radiology, Navy General Hospital, Beijing, China
Jing Zhang, Department of Radiology, Navy General Hospital, Beijing, China
Lijing Shi, Department of Radiology, Navy General Hospital, Beijing, China
Yingying Hu, Department of Radiology, Navy General Hospital, Beijing, China
Yun Zhang, Department of Radiology, Navy General Hospital, Beijing, China
Received: Jul. 9, 2018;       Accepted: Nov. 23, 2018;       Published: Dec. 20, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijmi.20180603.11      View  40      Downloads  9
Abstract
Objective To investigate the feasibility of low dose dedicated computed tomography (CT) with IMR technique compared with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in preoperative evaluation of breast cancer. Methods Dedicated CT and breast MRI were performed in 21 patients with diagnosed breast mass for preoperative evaluation. A dedicated protocol combined with chest diagnostic CT and dynamic scans of breast was developed with the use of IMR technique as well as optimization of scan parameters to ensure acceptable radiation dose. Image quality evaluations of CT images were performed using a five-point scale. The number, site and size (maximum diameter) of breast lesion were recorded respectively in CT and MRI images. The enhancement patterns of breast lesion were classified to 3 types (washout, plateau, and persistence) according to time intensity curve derived from CT and time signal curve derived from MRI, respectively. Pearson’s correlation, Bland-Altman analysis, and Cohen’s kappa test were used for statistical assessment. Results The mean effective radiation dose of dedicated breast CT, with the image quality diagnostic acceptable for evaluation of breast lesion and pulmonary structures, was (2.15±0.39) mSv, which was no more than a routine chest diagnostic CT. Results of breast lesion number and lesion site obtained by CT and MRI was consistent, with a total of 24 lesions detected in 21 patients. The mean lesion size was (26.5±12.1) mm in CT and (26.1±12.9) mm in MR, respectively. CT showed an excellent correlation with MRI for lesion size (r=0.99, n=24, p<0.0001). Limits of agreement determined by Bland-Altman analysis for lesion extent was (-3.0mm, 3.8mm). Good agreement was observed between CT and MRI for lesion enhancement patterns (kappa value = 0.936, p=0.000). Conclusion Dedicated breast CT imaging with acceptable radiation dose enabled diagnostic image quality and showed good agreement with breast MR imaging in preoperative evaluation of breast cancer.
Keywords
Breast Cancer, Computed Tomography, Low Radiation Dose, Iterative Reconstruction
To cite this article
Yong Guo, Jiang Yan, Qingjun Wang, Jing Zhang, Lijing Shi, Yingying Hu, Yun Zhang, 2 Milisievert Low Dose Dedicated Breast CT with Iterative Model Reconstruction Technique in Evaluation of Breast Mass: Feasibility Study in Comparison with MRI, International Journal of Medical Imaging. Vol. 6, No. 3, 2018, pp. 18-24. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmi.20180603.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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