Volume 6, Issue 4, December 2018, Page: 40-48
Added Value of Fetal Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Diagnosis of Central Nervous System Congenital Anomalies in Egyptian Population
Alaa Mohamed Reda, Radio-diagnosis & Medical Imaging Department, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt
Rania Essam-El-Dein Mohamed Ali, Radio-diagnosis & Medical Imaging Department, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt
Hesham Abdel Aziz Salem, Gynecology and Obstetrics Department, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt
Khaled Esmail El-Shafey, Radio-diagnosis & Medical Imaging Department, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt
Received: Dec. 2, 2018;       Accepted: Dec. 19, 2018;       Published: Jan. 23, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijmi.20180604.12      View  104      Downloads  20
Abstract
CNS anomalies are the second most frequent type of congenital anomalies. It is important to diagnose them as early as possible due to poor outcome. The aim of the study is to assess the role of magnetic resonance imaging in evaluation of congenital anomalies of central nervous system. This study included 80 pregnant women with suspected congenital CNS anomalies. All patients had been examined by 2D ultrasound and MRI. The majority of anomalies in the current study were anencephaly, hydrocephalus with aqueductal stenosis and Chiari malformation . Twenty percentage of brain anomalies was associated with meningioceles. A significant difference was detected in both aqueductal stenosis and dandy walker as regards history of consanguinity. The results were compared with post natal clinical assessment and MRI. It is concluded that fetal MRI is becoming an increasingly important tool in diagnosis of brain abnormalities suspected on the basis of family history or fetal sonography (with equivocal data), with continuing improvements in technology for better improvement of postnatal outcome. BPD = Biparietal diameter, CNS = Central nervous system, EFW = Expected fetal body weight, FL = Femur length, FOV = Field of view, MRI = Magnetic resonance imaging, N= Number, SD = Standard deviation, Ssfp= Steady-state free percession, ST= Slice thickness, TE =time of echo, TR=time of repetition, T2WI=T2 weighted image, US=ultrasound.
Keywords
Fetal MRI, CNS Anomalies, Congenital, Ultrasound, Prenatal
To cite this article
Alaa Mohamed Reda, Rania Essam-El-Dein Mohamed Ali, Hesham Abdel Aziz Salem, Khaled Esmail El-Shafey, Added Value of Fetal Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Diagnosis of Central Nervous System Congenital Anomalies in Egyptian Population, International Journal of Medical Imaging. Vol. 6, No. 4, 2018, pp. 40-48. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmi.20180604.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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